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Thursday, March 22, 2012

Wellington Zoo's First Camel

Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19090114-12-4

During the early years of Wellington Zoo the need to have added attractions for the Newtown Park became a priority. 

 It was the actions of Reverend Daniel Bates[1], with the help of the Wellington Zoological Citizens Committee to instigate the purchase of a Dromedary bull camel and equipment from Miramar's Wonderland Park. On 3 December 1908[2] the new camel arrived from Wonderland to begin his new life conveying paying visitors to Newtown Park a ride around the still developing zoological gardens.

The animal had its origins in the interior regions of South Australia. Along with four others, the male camel had made its way on a 950 mile journey to Port Augusta with their two Aboriginal attendants Sandy and Jack[3]. The Three adults and two young calves were loaded on board the s.s. Wimmerra arriving in Lyttleton on 19 October 1906.[4]

Imported for the Wonderland enterprise that was on display at the Christchurch Exhibition members of the New Zealand public were able to take in the sight of three adult camels, two with calves at foot giving adults and children rides. 

The camels were later removed to Wonderland Park in Miramar. Wonderland Park later went into liquidation in 1911.

Housing for the animal was built during December of 1908, with a fee set for patrons who desired a ride on Newtown Park’s wonderous new camel.

 
“It is intended to let the camel out for rides, 3d a time for children under fifteen years, and 6d for their elders. It is expected that the beast of burden will not only pay for his maintenance, but help to meet the bill for a Bactrian (two humped) brother which Mr. Bertleson  desires to import. At present the camel is lodged in a little enclosure up the slope, to the right, from the lion's cage.”[5]

For the next six years, the camel faithfully carried zoo visitors around the Zoological Gardens until his death in early August 1914. The remains were sent to what is now Victoria University for their Zoological Museum. The bones of the camel may still be in their collection to this day.[6]


   
 
Sources

[1] Wairarapa Daily Times 4 December 1908

[2] Wanganui Chronicle 7 December 1908

[3] Press 18 October 1906

[4] Press 22 October 1906

[5] Evening Post 11 December 1908

[6] Evening Post  4 August 1915



Friday, March 2, 2012

Auckland Zoo's first Kiwi



The Auckland Zoo History on their website states the first kiwi was exhibited in 1949. However this image dates from 1923 and is stated as being taken at Auckland Zoo.

I did some investigation into this and checked in 'A Tiger by the Tail - the History of Auckland Zoo 1922-1992' by Derek Wood with Robert Mannion.

On page 18 it states:

....In September (1922), Mayor Gunson accepted a kiwi from a Mr Dryden of Otangiwai, but the gift was to cause some difficulty with the Department of Internal Affairs
An article in the Evening Post (6 September 1922) confirms that permission was given for Auckland Zoo to keep the kiwi concerned. What happened to the bird after 1923 is at this stage unknown. It appears later on that Auckland Zoo did indeed have issues with the New Zealand Government after that year over the keeping of Kiwi at the facility. It wasn't until around 1949 that finally they were allowed to keep Kiwi in captivity on a permanant basis.

Replying to the Hon. G. M. Thomson, the Leader of the Council stated that the Auckland City Council had received permission to keep a kiwi in captivity in the Auckland Zoo.